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Impala Baby
Impala Baby

Impala Habits

Impalas are sociable animals that travel in herds. Females and young form herds as large as 100 animals, while males live in small bachelor herds. The herds occupy a large range and make seasonal migration according to the availability of food. While most males live together peacefully, dominant males may establish their own territories, to which they try to attract females. The most successful males are those whose territories have abundant food. Other males are tolerated as long as they show no interest in the females.

Impala Communication

More dependent on vocal communication than most other antelope, the impala is capable of guttural grunts and roars that are audible up to a mile away. This is likely an adaptation to their tendency to utilize more closed environments.

Impala Breeding

The principal mating season is April through June in the southern most part of the impala's rang, and from February to April in East Africa. Males do not search for females; instead, they mate with those that wander into their territories.
When a female is ready to give birth she seeks a secluded spot away from the herd. After the birth, she and her calf remain seperate from teh group for several days.When the female rejoins the herd, her calf joins a large group of calves that are similar in age. Females are not usually sexually mature until they are two years old. A male is unlikely to win his own territory, or females until he is four years old, even though he is sexually mature at one year.

Impala Food & Feeding

Impalas feed mainly on grasses, but they also eat a wide variety of leaves, fruits, and seeds. The amount they eat of any one food depends on season and location.In most parts of their range, impalas graze the new protein-rich grasses that flourish during teh rainy season. When the grasses die during periods of drought, the animals browse on bushes, herbs, and shrubes. Because preators often lie in wait near water holes at dusk, impalas drink during the hottest part of the day, when lions are likely to be asleep.

Impala Key Facts

              Height: Length: 55 in. Height to shoulder: 30-40 in. Length of Horns: 20-30 in
              Weight: 100-175 lb
             Sexual maturity: 13 months, but rarely until 2 years old
             Mating: Varies with area and climate
             Gestation: 6-7 months
             Number of young: 1
            Habit: Sociable herds
            Diet: Grasses, herbs, and shrubs
            Lifespan: Up to 12 years in wild; 17 years in capitivity



  • The male impala's horns take many years to reach full length.
  • Most young impalas are born in the middle of the day,whenpredators are usally resting.
  • Impalas are preyed upon by lions,leopards, and cheetahs, so they are constantly on the alert fo danger.
  • The male impala produces a scent from his forehead.The greater his rank in teh herd, the stronger the scent.When males loses his rank, he produces less scent.
  • In addition to leaping forward, impalas can also jump straight up and turn in midair.

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