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European Hedgehog image
European Hedgehog

European Hedgehog


European Hedgehog Baby
European Hedgehog Baby

European Hedgehog Habits

A hedgehog is a solitary and nocturnal animal. During the day it sleeps in a temporary nest from which it emerges as it grows dark.
The hedgehog hibernates in winter. It feeds as much as possible during the fall, and in October it builds an extra-thick nest in which to spend the winter. It prefers to build its nest in woodpiles, compost piles, and haystacks.
By being inactive during hibernation, the hedgehog is able to survive on its body fat. On warm days, it may wake up briefly to forage.

European Hedgehog Communication

Hedgehogs have several ways of expressing themselves. A content hedgehog will chirp, squeak, or whistle softly. When a hedgehog screams, it means it’s in danger or in serious pain. When a hedgehog coughs, it does not mean it’s sick. Rather, the hedgehog is sending out a warning to other animals to stay away from its territory or food source.
Watching hedgehogs in captivity shows that they also communicate with their spines. If there is a noise nearby, the hedgehog’s spines will stand up straight in the direction of the disturbance. When it raises the spines on its forehead, the hedgehog is shocked or cautious. If a hedgehog trusts a person, it keeps its spines flat and even allows that person to pet it without being harmed.

European Hedgehog Breeding

Hedgehogs mate during April and August. The male may circle the female for hours before she will mate. After mating, the two separate; the male takes no part in rearing the young, which are born 32 days later.
Litters born in late September rarely survive their first winter. Blind until they are 14 days old, the young are suckled by the mother until they are able to hunt for themselves. After four weeks, she takes them on their first foraging trip. The young are independent 10 days later.

European Hedgehog Food & Feeding

Hedgehogs hunt at night, searching for earthworms and insects such as millipedes and earwigs. They also eat beetles, caterpillars, slugs, and mice. A hedgehog will also eat dead animals and soft fruit. Much of the food left outdoors for dogs and cats is eaten by hedgehogs.
The hedgehog is appreciated by many gardeners who depend on it to keep their gardens free of pests.

European Hedgehog Key Facts

              Height: Length: 8-12 inches
              Weight: Average 25 ounces
             Sexual maturity: 11 months
             Mating: April or August
             Gestation: 32 days
             Number of young: Up to 7, but usually 4 to 5
            Habit: Nocturnal and solitary
            Diet: Caterpillars, beetles, earthworms, slugs, and snails
            Lifespan: Can live 5-6 years



  • Hedgehogs can be tamed easily and make great pets. They can be trained to stand on their hind legs.
  • The hedgehog is host to the flea Archaeopsylla erinacei. Up to 500 fleas may be found on a single hedgehog, but they do not bother man.
  • When stimulated by certain strong smells or tastes, the hedgehog may cover its spines with its foamy saliva; no one knows why.
  • Hedgehogs will estivate when food is scarce, this is like a short hibernation period.
  • Hedgehogs roam 1-2 miles in search of food.

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