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Saanen Domestic Goat image
Saanen Domestic Goat

Saanen Domestic Goat

(Mammal)

Saanen Domestic Goat Baby
Saanen Domestic Goat Baby

Saanen Domestic Goat Habits

Although wild goats still roam freely in barren, mountainous regions throughout much of the world, the Saanen goat thrives best in groups of other domesticated goats.
A long history of domestication has given this goat a mild nature which makes it easily manageable. Furthermore, it dislikes cold or wet weather and needs access to shelter at all times, so herds are often kept permanently indoors, either in individual stalls or in covered yards.

Saanen Domestic Goat Communication

Goats communicate with each other by bleating, what many people call the baaah sound. Goats will bleat when stressed, hungry, or calling for attention from keepers. Does (females) will also call to their kids.

Saanen Domestic Goat Breeding

Since the Saanen is bred solely for its milk, most goat farmers keep only females, called does. The males, or bucks, are expensive to maintain and, by mating with its own offspring, would give rise to inbreeding. So once a year, small-scale goat breeders must take their does to a stud buck to be mated. Artificial insemination is often used on large farms.
The doe comes into estrus every three weeks between September and February. A female kid (young goat) comes into estrus her first year, but is usually not mated until she is 18 months old. Ideally, the doe will be mated in November or December, so that her kids mill be born in the spring.
Twins are common and are showed to feed from their mother for four days. They will :hen be bottle-fed so their mother can be milked. When the kids are 10 days old, the farmer will begin to feed them hay. Male kids are generally fattened and killed for their meat at six months of age.

Saanen Domestic Goat Food & Feeding

The goat is principally a browser, rather than a grazer. This means that it is specially adapted to feed on tough, fibrous vegetation such as brambles, twigs, and shrubs, rather than on grass. Unfairly blamed for creating much of the world's desert, the Saanen domestic goat is often simply the last animal to survive in barren country.
The modern Saanen has adapted to a diet containing a high proportion of grass. Where grass is in short supply, the farmer will give the goat extra feed such as hay, kale, cabbages, and potatoes.

Saanen Domestic Goat Key Facts

        Size 
              Height: 28-32 inches at shoulder
              Weight: Does: 130 pounds, Bucks: 175 pounds
       Breeding
             Sexual maturity: Does at 6 months, Bucks at 3 months
             Mating: September to February
             Gestation: 150 days
             Number of young: Usually 2, but 1 or 3 is not uncommon
       Lifestyle 
            Habit: Sociable, inquisitive
            Diet: Fibrous, woody vegetation, herbs and grass, usually supllemented with vitamins
            Lifespan: 14-15 years

 

DID YOU KNOW?

  • The Saanen goat gets its name from the Saane River valley near Berne, Switzerland, where it was first bred.
  • A goat has no cutting teeth, called incisors, in its upper jaw, but rather a hard pad of skin.
  • Despite its small size, a Saanen can scale a six-foot fence.
  • Fresh goat's milk tastes similar to cow's milk. It may have an unpleasant taste when the goat eats certain food or when a buck is nearby.
  • A group of goats is called a "trip of goats".

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