Lois Lane is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, she first appeared in Action Comics #1 (June 1938). Lois is a Pulitzer prize-winning journalist and the primary love interest of the superhero, Superman (For fifteen years in DC Comics continuity, she was also his wife). Like Superman's alter ego Clark Kent, she is a reporter for the Metropolis newspaper, the Daily Planet.
Lois Lane's character was created from many influences. Her physical appearance was originally based on Joanne Carter, a model hired by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. Joanne Carter would later marry Siegel. The character's personality was based on Torchy Blane, a gutsy, beautiful headline-hunting reporter, portrayed by Glenda Farrell in a series of films from the 1930s. Siegel took her name from Lola Lane, who also played Torchy Blane in one of the films. Lois is also based on real life journalist Nellie Bly.
Depictions of Lois Lane have varied since her character was created in 1938, spanning the 70-year history of Superman comics and other media adaptations. During the Silver Age, she was the star of Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane, a comic title that had a light and frivolous tone. However, the original Golden Age version of Lois, as well as versions of her from the 1970s onwards, portrays Lois as a tough-as-nails journalist and intellectual equal to Superman. Although, one thing has remained throughout the character's 70-year history, she has always been the most prominent love interest in Superman's life and is seen by many fans as the archetypical comic book love interest.