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Indian Rhinoceros image
Indian Rhinoceros

Indian Rhinoceros

(Mammal)

Indian Rhinoceros Baby
Indian Rhinoceros Baby

Indian Rhinoceros Habits

The Indian rhinoceros lives in dense growths of tall elephant grass in swampy areas near rivers. Here it wallows in the shallow water and mud to keep cool during the day. It may also head for higher country in search of food.
Conflict between man and the Indian rinoceros arises form the damage rhinos do to crops and the damage man does to the rhino's food supply-elephant grass In Nepal, villagers who use elephant grass for the walls and the roofs of their houses, are now allowed to collect grass in national parks at certain times of the year. This arrangement encourages new growth of grass, which in turn benifits the rhinos.

Indian Rhinoceros Communication

Rhinoceroses use a wide variety of vocalizations in order to communicate, including squeaks, moos, snorts, growls and trumpets. Sumatran rhinoceroses are known to string together a series of sounds to create an ongoing "song." One of these sounds is similar to the song of a humpback whale. The first sounds a baby rhinoceros makes are high-pitched squeaks and mewling squeals.
Rhinoceroses often make use of a complex system of breathing to signal to one another. When a mother rhinoceros becomes separated from her calf, for instance, she calls to the infant with breathing pants. The way rhinos use breath to communicate is similar to Morse code. The speeds of the breathing vary and, depending on the speed and pattern, may indicate anything from anxiety to reassurance.

Indian Rhinoceros Breeding

The female Indian rinoceros comes into heat (is ready to mate) for 24 hours every 5-8 weeks. She attracts the male by spraying urine and by makind a gentle whistling sound. the solitary female seeks dense cover when she is ready to give birth. The calf stays with its mother until the birth ofher next offspring, between 18 months and two years later.

Indian Rhinoceros Food & Feeding

The Indian rinoceros is principally a grazing animal. It moves around constantly to take advantage of fresh plant growth. Adaptable in its feeding methods,the rhino has a widely varied diet. It eats new plant growth as well as bamboo shoots, water hyacinths, and a variety of crops which can make the rino a nuisance to farmers.

Indian Rhinoceros Key Facts

        Size 
              Height: 3 - 7 feet; Length, 7 - 14 feet
              Weight: 3,300 - 4,400 pounds
       Breeding
             Sexual maturity: Males 7 - 9 years, Females 3 years
             Mating: Females come into season every 5 - 8 weeks until pregnant
             Gestation: 462 - 489 days
             Number of young: 1 calf
       Lifestyle 
            Habit: Partly social, partly solitary
            Diet: Grass, twigs, bamboo shoots, wheat, lentils, potatoes
            Lifespan: About 50 years

 

DID YOU KNOW?

  • Indian Rhinoceroses are vulnerable to sunburn. By wallowing in mud, they protect their skin from the sun.
  • The first weeks after giving birth, mother rhinos produce 5 - 7 gallons of milk daily.
  • The Baluchitherium, an ancestor of the indian rhino,was the largest land mammal that ever lived. It was 18 feet high and 36 feet long. It lived over 20 million years ago.
  • Indian Rhinos only have hair on their ear fringes and tail bristles.
  • They are excellent swimmers and they are the most aquatic of all the rhinoceros species.

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